Ctesias of Cnidus was a Greek physician who lived in the last half of the fifth authors who form fragments of Ctesias, most notably Bekker’s. Ctesias returned to Greece in and began writing his Persica, a history of Assyria-Babylonia in 23 books. Books I–VI included a history of Assyria and the. CTESIAS (Gk. Ktēsías), Greek physician at the Achaemenid court and author of Persiká, who belonged to the Cnidian school of physicians, which claimed to.

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When his answer was reported to the king, the Paphlagonian eunuch Artoxares and Ctexias urged him to make peace without delay. He was opposed by Pausanias the Spartan, with only Spartiates, perioeciand from the other cities.

The Caunian was crucified by order of his grandmother Amestris. By the advice of Oebaras he set up wooden figures representing Persians round the walls, the sight of which so terrified the inhabitants that the city was easily taken.

Ctesias – Wikipedia

Cyrus attacked the king’s army and gained the victory, note [At Cunaxa. It also, contends Matt Waters, is an essential but often misunderstood source for the history of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. Menostanes did all he could to prevent Secydianus from putting faith in these promises or coming to terms with those who were trying perscia deceive him.

Oebaras then advised Petisacas to leave Astyigas in some lonely spot, to perish of hunger and thirst; which he did.

Encyclopædia Iranica

Accordingly, Artarius, his wife Amytis, Artoxares then twenty years of ageand Petisas, the son of Usiris and father of Spitamas, were sent for that purpose to Megabyzus. It was Bagapates who had cut off his head by order of Artaxerxes.


This writer’s style is clear and very simple, which makes the work agreeable to read. Ctesias also credited Semiramis with an expedition against Media; Diodorus 2. Whereupon Amytis, after heaping curses upon him, drank poison and died.

His general Artapanuswith 10, men, fought an engagement with Leonidas, the Spartan general, at Thermopylae ; the Persian host was cut to pieces, while only two or three of the Spartans were slain.

The work no longer exists, except in an abstract compiled by the patriarch Photius of Constantinople flourished c. He therefore sent Achaemenides his brother withinfantry and eighty ships. Here the seventeenth book ends. Freese and was found at Tertullian. But the king ordered him to be thrown into the ashes and gave his satrapy to Tissaphernes. He not only disagrees with Herodotus, but also in some respects with Xenophon the son of Gryllus. Being himself very like Tanyoxarces, he advised the king publicly to order that his head should be cut off as having falsely accused the king’s brother; that in the meantime Tanyoxarces should secretly be put to death, and he note [I.

The bodies of both father and son were conveyed together to Persis, for the mules which drew the chariot in which was the father’s body, refused to move, as if waiting for that of the son; and when it arrived, they at once went on rapidly.

For the beetle genus, see Ctesias beetle. At the sight of them he jumped up, but finding no weapon ready to hand for Bagapates had secretly removed them all he smashed a chair made of gold and defended himself with one of the legs, but was finally stabbed to death by the seven.


We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Speech of Ctdsias to the king about Conon and the letter to him. Despite the inclusion of fanciful stories about man-eating tigers and dog-headed men, it is a valuable document on pre-Alexandrian India.

Apollonides was kept in chains for two months persicq a punishment, and then buried alive on the same day persicaa Amytis died. Submitted tags will be reviewed by site administrator before it is posted online. A Persian army of 40, men was conducted by the two leaders of the Trachinians over an almost inaccessible mountain-path to the rear of the Lacedaemonians, who were surrounded and died bravely to a man.

In a subsequent engagement, the Persians and Sacae gained a brilliant victory, Amoraeus, the king of the Derbices, and his two sons being slain. With these words he died, three days after he had been wounded, after a reign of thirty years. Perica, who had previously been satrap of Hyrcania, adopted perssica.

During his father’s lifetime, Ochus was made satrap of Hyrcaniaand given in marriage to Parysatis, the daughter of Artaxerxes and his own sister. Menostanes was also arrested and condemned, but anticipated his fate by suicide. Then a naval engagement took place between the Greeks with ships and the Persians with more than under Onophas.