1 Ismail Beşikçi, Tunceli Kanunu () ve Dersim Jenosidi [The law 3 Report from the Consul in Trabzon, 27 September (Public Record Office. The region of Dersim, renamed Tunceli in , stood markedly at odds with the politico- Hamdi Bey, a senior official, in a report of , called the area an. Get this from a library! Dersim: Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı’nın raporu.. [Turkey. Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı.].
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Initially the state recruited volunteers as korucu, often in large numbers from the same tribe or clan, led by their chieftain. Inthe Turkish military staged another coup and carried out a drastic overhaul of Turkey’s legal and political ddrsim. Government spokespersons have mentioned a figure of 1, families made homeless; the real number of families affected by the operations may be several times that figure.
‘Resmi raporlarda Dersim katliamı: 13 bin kişi öldürüldü’ – Türkiye Haberleri – Radikal
It systematically violates basic rights of the rural population. There is now a wide divergence, however, between the figures quoted by different bodies; even different spokespersons of the government have given widely different numbers. Besides the various official forces listed here, there are several unofficial units whose very existence, or whose relationship with the state, is often denied.
Ultimately some out of around villages were destroyed, their population resettled in.
The first decade and a half following the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in witnessed a number of Kurdish nationalist rebellions, that were violently suppressed by the Turkish armed forces. Rapor toptan 68 sayfadan olusmakta, A4 kagit formati ve Dersim acisindan son derece kapsamli onemli bir Rapordur. The Turkish security forces. Inthe Tunceli Law was passed to apply the Resettlement Law to the newly named region of Tuncelipreviously known as Dersim and populated by Kurmanci-speaking and Zaza-speaking Alevis.
Such evictions are explicitly provided for in the Constitution.
‘Resmi raporlarda Dersim katliamı: 13 bin kişi öldürüldü’
The maps show all villages but no mezra with their new names. Inthe government repealed the Tunceli Law, and relocated people were allowed to return to their villages. This law defined three types of inhabited region in Turkey. Not long after the evictions and village burnings in Dersim had received public attention, the government proposed a ‘solution’ that would allow the villagers at least to stay in or return to the same region.
The PKK has directed its dsrsim not only against Turkish military installations and personnel but also against civilians. Kurdish sources claim that the death toll was much higher, entire tribes being almost wiped out. Information on what happened in Tunceli gradually filtered through to the world outside, in spite of a military blockade of the area.
Dersim rebellion – Wikipedia
Like Turkey’s radical left and derwim youth movements, sections of the Raloru movement also armed themselves and were involved in shootouts with security forces or with rival groups. Several military campaigns had taken place but had brought only limited successes.
The largest forces in the area are the regular land forces and the gendarmerie. The army presence in the Kurdish provinces was stepped up even further, the villages were searched, and tens of thousands arrested and routinely tortured. The Kurds in those years found a certain degree of sympathy and moral support in Turkish oppositional circles.
The only mainstream daily that occasionally carried a useful report was Cumhuriyet which, unfortunately, we have been unable to use systematically daporu in Europe only a weekly edition, Cumhuriyet Hafta, is available. The Western and the Soviet press largely followed the Kemalist narrative of a civilising mission against reactionary conservatives.
Hans-Lukas Kieser, Dersim Massacre, Several delegations of human rights activists were prevented from entering the province or allowed to go as far as the central town only. Though the declaration of a secular republic and the abolition of the Caliphate in early won over many Anatolian Alevis, most Alevis in Eastern Anatolia remained distrustful. The first initiatives, however, came from community leaders in the region itself.
This changed with the campaign of summerwhich employed massive violence against the whole population, even beyond the parts of Dersim that did not surrender and that had been declared prohibited zones under the Law of Settlement.
The two district centres have been virtually destroyed in full-blown military attacks. When gendarmerie posts were established in thegendarmes even exercised control over whether local young men were circumcised. The government’s ambitious plans for constructing ‘centre villages’ to resettle the inhabitants of dispersed mountain villages and hamlets are disconcerting in this context, even though it is claimed that resettlement will be ‘voluntary’.
The Turkish air force also has several bases in the region, and it has been actively involved in the war against the PKK, carrying out bombing raids into northern Iraq but also allegedly bombing Kurdish villages inside Turkey.
One scarcely finds mention of it in the major university textbooks on Turkish history. The following three lists of evacuated or destroyed villages compiled by others are referred to: In the districts near the Iraqi border, villagers were told that they had to become village guards or else disappear. It appears likely that both reports refer to the same incident.
The population of Diyarbakir, the major city of southeastern Turkey, has increased two- or threefold since fromto approximately a million with the recent influx of evacuees from the villages.
Forest fires have been lit almost throughout the entire province. Halli mentions no comprehensive number for the whole campaign. From September 22 through 25, the entire region to the northeast, north and northwest of Tunceli was combed by helicopters, firing at and bombing the forest and allegedly shooting at settlements too.
The Alevis are a large religious minority in Turkey, constituting perhaps as many as 15 to 20 percent of the population. This law was conceived in order to complete the Turkification of Anatolia in the eaporu of the new focus on Dersim in interior derism.
Here the name is listed as it occurs on the old sersim His report is the exception to the rule that there exist no reports by foreign observers in or near the theatre of events, because Dersim and whole of Eastern Asia Minor was generally closed to foreigners. In spite of these restrictions on the flow of information, and the self-censorship practised by most of the Turkish press, it is clear that forced evictions have been adopted as a deliberate policy at the highest political level.
We have received a number of unclear and contradictory reports from those districts that we have not incorporated. Sweep operations that started on September 6, were continued for 17 days.
Complaints [ clarification needed ] kept coming from the governors. During the ten years that have since passed, violence from both sides has only escalated.
The suppression of the Dersim rebellion in Turkey and the chemical war against the Iraqi Kurds “, in: He recounts in a book published in how he and people close to him lived during A few weeks prior to the evacuations, these forests were set alight.
It has been primarily the civilian population that became victims of the army’s counter-offensives; instead of alientating the village and town population from the PKK, the behaviour of the security forces appears to have made the PKK even more popular.