The Distributed Queue Dual Bus (DQDB) network has been adopted as the subnetwork for the IEEE metropolitan area network (MAN) standard. Since its. IEEE to protocols are only suited for “small” LANs. They cannot be used for very large but non-wide area networks. IEEE DQDB is designed. Distributed Queue Data Interface (DQDB) and put up as IEEE standard. network. The stations are attached to both the buses in parallel. Each bus.

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Retrieved from ” https: When the first of the two idle slots reaches node 76C at time T5, that node uses the idle slot, allows the second idle slot to pass and changes the request bit pattern being transported on Bus B to a repeated 01 pattern.

A single set is described below. Communications network having bit-mapped nework cycle. If it does, operation 89 forces a binary 0 into the current bit position and the request string counter is netork in operation The number of idle slots which are allowed to pass equals the number of nodes downstream on the second bus for which the subject node has received access requests.

The invention is implemented in a dual bus system netwwork which a first bus is assumed to carry bus request signals in one direction while a second bus is assumed to carry data in a second direction. When check shows that the request field has been completely read, a further check is made to determine whether the local node is requesting access to Bus A at any priority level.

The nodes are connected in parallel to two unidirectional busses 46 or Bus A and 48 or Bus B. The nettwork reads one of the bits in the four bit request field in an operation If the two are not equal sqdb request string count can only be less than or equal to the DAR register valuea binary 1 is forced into the bit position in the passing cell in operation 86 and the request string count is incremented in an operation A node with data to send on one bus, can request access to that bus, by sending a bus request signal to all nodes upstream on the bus.

A multiple priority metwork is accommodated with relatively minor changes.

DQDB: Distributed Queue Dual Bus (Defined in IEEE ) – Network Protocols Handbook [Book]

Each access control set also includes a DAR register 58 which is used to store a count of downstream access requests. A check 84 is made by the node to see if it requires access to Bus A at the priority level defined netwoek the current bit position.


Search Expert Search Quick Search. The above description assumes a single priority system. Second, the approach requires occasional reset signals to ensure correction operation in the presence of line signal errors.

Distributed-queue dual-bus – Wikipedia

The DQDB may be thought of as two token rings, one carrying data in each direction around the ring. The algorithm was remarkable for its extreme simplicity.

Neither the detailed configuration of the metropolitan area network nor the details of the various components other than the DQDB subnetworks of the metropolitan area network is essential to an understanding the present invention.

If, however, operation indicates that the idle slot count exceeds the DAR register value, then the local node nerwork allowed to write to the bus in an operation and the idle slot count is set to zero in an operation The value of the busy netwlrk indicates whether the slot is busy already occupied by information written into the slot by an upstream node or idle available for data if the node has any to send.

The three remaining bits in the access control field are reserved or perform defined dqdbb that are not relevant to the present invention. Except as noted below, the details of the access unit 50 are not important to an understanding of the present invention. For another, the method does not fully utilize available time slots and may not achieve fairness simply because it takes so long sqdb work.

A node requesting access changes the bit value to a binary 1 as the cell passes. Node 76B then changes vqdb request bit pattern being transported on Bus B to a repeated pattern to notify node 76A that only two downstream nodes are still requesting access.

The present invention relates to data communications networks and more particularly to a method of controlling access by individual nodes to busses in a Distributed Queue Dual Bus Netwirk network. Finally, each set includes a request string or RS counter, the basic function of which is to pass on the appropriate number of successive request bits to the next upstream node.

A binary 1 received in a particular bit position in request field 74 is construed as a request by another node for access to the other bus at the priority level associated with the bit position.

A downstream node is one which receives data after the local node.

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Access requests that originate in downstream nodes may be delayed during propagation along a bus so that an upstream node with a later access request will be first to claim an available time slot. The operation of the RS counter is described later. This is achieved by incrementing every RQ counter at the node for priority levels for which no access requests are queued and by incrementing all CD counters at the node for those priority levels having queued access requests.


Given this structure, it is implicit that newtork cell can contain only one access request per priority level but may contain as many dqvb four access requests–one for each of the four possible priority levels.

Access control method for DQDB network. To determine whether a sufficient number of idle slots have passed the local node, an idle slot count is maintained for the number of idle slots that have passed the local node since the last time it loaded data onto the bus.

When a node initiates a request for access to Bus A, the current RQ netwrk is transferred to a countdown CD counter in the node. The originators of this approach have acknowledged at least two problems. If the node is not currently requesting access to Bus A itself, a Request RQ counter is incremented for each reservation bit received in a cell on Bus B.

Node 76B won’t know which two nodes or how much data each of those nodes has to send. The headers on the reverse bus communicated requests to be inserted in the distributed queue so that upstream nodes would know that they nerwork allow DQDB cells to pass unused on the forward bus. A distributed queue dual bus DQDB network has two, oppositely-directed, unidirectional busses. The new pattern delivered to those nodes in four successive cells on Bus B takes the form of alternating 0’s and 1’s or The cell is divided into a five byte header 64 and a forty-eight byte data or payload segment Each cell is currently defined as being a fixed length or fifty-three byte cell.

If the local node does not require access at the priority level under consideration, the length of the received request string is preserved in the upstream direction. Neywork DQDB network is defined as a network having dual, unidirectional busses which carry data in opposite directions.

The use of a single reservation request reduces the number of requests which must be processed ddqb, potentially, any queueing delays associated with that processing. netwrok

Therefore, it is intended that the appended claims shall be construed to include both the preferred embodiments and all netwoork variations and modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention. The node is arbitrarily labelled as node 38 although the description which follows applies to any generalized node in a DQDB system.