Informative article about the spice Long Coriander (culantro), its botany, chemistry, history and cross-cultural culinary usage. Culantro (Eryngium foetidum L., Apiaceae) is a biennial herb indigenous to continental Tropical America and the West Indies. Although widely used in dishes . Perennial herbs, cm high, aromatic; roots tuberous; stems dichotomously branched, deeply striate. Leaves simple; lamina ca. x cm.

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Tome leaf oil, however the isomer, E tetradecenal There is only one region where it is a common culinary herb: Table 1 Composition of E.

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India Biodiversity Portal

The leaves themselves can be eaten in the form of a chutney as an appetite stimulant Mahabir Related observations Show all. Shaded areas produce plants with larger and greener eryngikm that are more marketable because of their better appearance and higher pungent aroma.

Pharmacological studies of the aerial plant parts have demonstrated anthelmintic activity due to eryngial, anti-inflammatory action due to the phytosterol fractions, anti-convulsant activity in the respective models, and selective antibacterial activity against Salmonella species and the Erwinia genus of bacteria.


Defines and describes life history of a living organism, meaning the course of obligatory developmental transformations in an organism from fertilised zygote to maturity.

This aromatic herb is used to increase taste in various curries. Like its foetidim relative cilantro, culantro tends to bolt and flower profusely under hot high-light long days of summer months.

Eryngium foetidum L. Essential Oils: Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Capacity

It is used mainly as a seasoning in the preparation of a range of foods, including vegetable and meat dishes, chutneys, preserves, sauces, and snacks. Flowers are foetldum and in sub-sessile umbels. Volatile chemical composition of the essential oil from Colombian Eryngium foetidum L.

Cilantro—heart of the ubiquitous sofrito. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. A commonly used, neglected spicing-culinary herb of Mizoram, India. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a fooetidum.

Eryngium foetidum – Wikipedia

Sofrito is itself the major ingredient in a host of other recipes including eggplant pasta sauce, cilantro garlic butter, cilantro pesto, pineapple salsa, and gazpacho with herb yogurt.

The hydro-distilled oils of E. Fruit ripes during cold season. The Sample was identified by a taxonomist in the Department of Botany and Ecological Studies, University of Uyo, where voucher specimen was deposited.


Retrieved from ” https: Ferric ion reducing capacity of E. English saw leaf herb also sawtooth coriander refers to the serrated leafs, which loosely remind to a saw blade.

Eryngium foetidum L.: a review.

Year ISBN Description The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc. The essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation 4 h of the fresh plant parts using a Clevenger-type apparatus in accordance with the British Pharmacopoeia [ 18 ].

It grows naturally throughout many Caribbean islands including Trinidad and Foetiduk, where it is abundant in forests particularly in disturbed areas as in slash and burn sites.

Uses and Management Uses and Management Uses. Natural products in Caribbean folk Medicine. Received Mar 28; Accepted Apr Characterization and distinction of two subspecies of Eryngium duriaei J.

Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflict of interest. Plants are usually started from seed which germinate in about 30 days, and for home or backyard gardens can be cultivated in containers or wooden boxes.